Combating Bullying at School: A Guide for Parents

Bullying at school remains a pervasive issue that can have detrimental effects on a child’s mental well-being and academic performance. As parents, understanding the dynamics of bullying, recognizing the signs, and taking appropriate action are crucial steps in ensuring our children feel safe and supported in their educational environments.

Identifying Bullying Behaviours in Schools

Bullying can manifest in various forms, including physical aggression, verbal harassment, social exclusion, and cyberbullying. These behaviours often involve an imbalance of power, with the bully aiming to assert dominance over their victim. It’s important to recognize the signs of bullying, such as changes in behaviour, reluctance to attend school, or unexplained physical injuries.

Age-Related Changes and the Aggressive Nature of Bullying

Bullying behaviours can evolve with age, becoming more complex and subtle as children progress through different developmental stages. While younger children may engage in more direct physical aggression, older students might resort to social manipulation or cyberbullying. Despite these changes, the aggressive and unkind nature of bullying remains constant, leaving deep emotional scars on the victims.

The Importance of Recognizing Repeated Behaviours

What sets bullying apart from occasional conflicts or boundary-setting is its repetitive nature. It involves persistent targeting of a specific individual or group over time, causing significant emotional distress and feelings of helplessness for the victim.

Understanding the Purpose and Power Imbalance

Bullying often serves the purpose of establishing dominance, control, or even a sense of superiority for the bully. This power imbalance can create an environment of fear and intimidation for the victim, leading to a reluctance to seek help or speak out.

Differentiating Bullying from Setting Boundaries

It’s vital to understand that bullying is not the same as setting boundaries or handling conflicts. Bullying involves intentional harm or harassment, often with a repeated and systematic nature, while setting boundaries is a healthy way of asserting one’s needs and limits without causing harm to others.

What Parents Can Do When Their Children Are Bullied

For parents in such situation, there are several crucial steps you can take to support your child if they are being bullied at school:

  1. Open Communication: Encourage open and honest communication with your child, allowing them to express their feelings and experiences without judgment.
  2. Provide Emotional Support: Offer your child reassurance and emotional support, letting them know that they are not alone and that you are there to help.
  3. Collaborate with the School: Reach out to the school authorities, teachers, or counsellors to address the issue and ensure that appropriate measures are taken to stop the bullying.
  4. Document Incidents: Keep a record of the bullying incidents, including dates, times, and details of what happened, which can serve as evidence when addressing the matter with the school.
  5. Promote Resilience: Foster resilience in your child by encouraging activities that promote self-confidence, such as engaging in hobbies, sports, or creative pursuits.


By actively engaging with our children, understanding the complexities of bullying, and working collaboratively with schools, we can create a safe and supportive environment where every child can thrive. Addressing bullying requires a concerted effort from parents, educators, and the community at large. Let’s stand together to foster empathy, kindness, and respect, ensuring that our schools are nurturing spaces where every child feels valued and protected.